Postgresql: Must know

SELECT procpid, age(clock_timestamp(), query_start), usename, current_query FROM pg_stat_activity WHERE current_query != '<IDLE>' AND current_query NOT ILIKE '%pg_stat_activity%' ORDER BY query_start desc; -- show running queries (9.2) SELECT pid, age(clock_timestamp(), query_start), usename, query FROM pg_stat_activity WHERE query != '<IDLE>' AND query NOT ILIKE '%pg_stat_activity%' ORDER BY query_start desc; -- kill running query SELECT pg_cancel_backend(procpid); -- kill idle query SELECT pg_terminate_backend(procpid); -- vacuum command VACUUM (VERBOSE, ANALYZE); -- all database users select * from pg_stat_activity where current_query not like '<%'; -- all databases and their sizes select * from pg_user; -- all tables and their size, with/without indexes select datname, pg_size_pretty(pg_database_size(datname)) from pg_database order by pg_database_size(datname) desc; -- cache hit rates (should not be less than 0.99) SELECT sum(heap_blks_read) as heap_read, sum(heap_blks_hit) as heap_hit, (sum(heap_blks_hit) - sum(heap_blks_read)) / sum(heap_blks_hit) as ratio FROM pg_statio_user_tables; -- table index usage rates (should not be less than 0.99) SELECT relname, 100 * idx_scan / (seq_scan + idx_scan) percent_of_times_index_used, n_live_tup rows_in_table FROM pg_stat_user_tables ORDER BY n_live_tup DESC; -- how many indexes are in cache SELECT sum(idx_blks_read) as idx_read, sum(idx_blks_hit) as idx_hit, (sum(idx_blks_hit) - sum(idx_blks_read)) / sum(idx_blks_hit) as ratio FROM pg_statio_user_indexes; -- Dump database on remote host to file $ pg_dump -U username -h hostname databasename > dump.sql -- Import dump into existing database $ psql -d newdb -f dump.sql --(On 9.2+): Queries running more than 2 minutes SELECT now() - query_start as "runtime", usename, datname, waiting, state, query FROM pg_stat_activity WHERE now() - query_start > '2 minutes'::interval ORDER BY runtime DESC; -- select relname,last_vacuum, last_autovacuum, last_analyze, last_autoanalyze from pg_stat_user_tables; -- select relname, n_dead_tup, last_vacuum, last_autovacuum from pg_catalog.pg_stat_all_tables where n_dead_tup > 0 and relname = ’table1' order by n_dead_tup desc; --Tables and views used by a given view: with recursive view_tree(parent_schema, parent_obj, child_schema, child_obj, ind, ord) as ( select vtu_parent.view_schema, vtu_parent.view_name, vtu_parent.table_schema, vtu_parent.table_name, '', array[row_number() over (order by view_schema, view_name)] from information_schema.view_table_usage vtu_parent where vtu_parent.view_schema = '<SCHEMA NAME>' and vtu_parent.view_name = '<VIEW NAME>' union all select vtu_child.view_schema, vtu_child.view_name, vtu_child.table_schema, vtu_child.table_name, vtu_parent.ind || ' ', vtu_parent.ord || (row_number() over (order by view_schema, view_name)) from view_tree vtu_parent, information_schema.view_table_usage vtu_child where vtu_child.view_schema = vtu_parent.child_schema and vtu_child.view_name = vtu_parent.child_obj ) select tree.ind || tree.parent_schema || '.' || tree.parent_obj || ' depends on ' || tree.child_schema || '.' || tree.child_obj txt, tree.ord from view_tree tree order by ord; --Check the size (as in disk space) of all databases: SELECT d.datname AS Name, pg_catalog.pg_get_userbyid(d.datdba) AS Owner, CASE WHEN pg_catalog.has_database_privilege(d.datname, 'CONNECT') THEN pg_catalog.pg_size_pretty(pg_catalog.pg_database_size(d.datname)) ELSE 'No Access' END AS SIZE FROM pg_catalog.pg_database d ORDER BY CASE WHEN pg_catalog.has_database_privilege(d.datname, 'CONNECT') THEN pg_catalog.pg_database_size(d.datname) ELSE NULL END; --Check the size (as in disk space) of each table: SELECT nspname || '.' || relname AS "relation", pg_size_pretty(pg_total_relation_size(C.oid)) AS "total_size" FROM pg_class C LEFT JOIN pg_namespace N ON (N.oid = C.relnamespace) WHERE nspname NOT IN ('pg_catalog', 'information_schema') AND C.relkind <> 'i' AND nspname !~ '^pg_toast' ORDER BY pg_total_relation_size(C.oid) DESC; --Script to kill all running connections of a current database SELECT pg_terminate_backend( FROM pg_stat_activity WHERE datname = current_database() AND pid <> pg_backend_pid();

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